Food State Supplements

In 2009 exhaustive work by The Government’s Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) identified a number of deficiencies in key nutrients in every group of the population. Yet there is still a widely held belief that we can get all we need from a balanced diet.

To see our range of Food State Supplements click here

What is the truth? Let us examine the facts:

• Good nutrition is fundamental to good health

• To maintain good health, the human body requires a daily intake of vitamins, minerals and other nutrients from food

• Many people are short of essential nutrients.

• Sub optimal intake of essential nutrients is linked to many of the prevailing degenerative diseases of our generation.

• Deficiencies may not always be obvious, as frequently these people are overweight

• Nutrients from food – or in the same form as those in food – are the only ones that can effectively meet our metabolic needs and satisfy our “hunger” in total.

The Suggested Optimal Daily Amounts (SODAs) listed below are those published by Dr Paul Clayton in his book Health Defence (2004) and more recently updated in published work commissioned by us. Dr Clayton reviewed over 4,000 studies to arrive at these levels, which are both safe and effective as a guide for the British population.

What

We Get

What We Need (SODAs)

Is Missing

Upper Safe Level for Supplementation

Vitamin A ug

1012

1800

788

1500

Thiamin (B1) mg

1.7

8-12

6.3-10.3

100

Riboflavin (B2) mg

2

8-12

6-10

40

Niacin (B3) mg

39

50-60

11-21

25

Vitamin B6 mg

2.4

6-12

3.6-9.6

10

Vitamin B12 ug

7.3

8-16

0.8-8.8

2000

Folic Acid ug

252

450

198

400

Vitamin C mg

58-90

500

410-442

1000

Vitamin D ug

2.9

125

122.1

200

Vitamin E mg

9.3

50

40.7

800

Calcium mg

917

950-980

33-63

500

Magnesium mg

308

350

42

400

Iron* mg

13.2

20

6.8

20

Zinc mg

11

20

9

25

Copper mg

1.5

2-3

0.5-1.5

2.5

Iodine ug

180

280

100

500

Selenium ug

35

185

150

350

Chromium ug

30

110-150

80-120

1000

EPA/DHA mg

100-200

750

550-650

Level Not Established

Flavonoids mg

145

450-800

305-655

Level Not Established

Carotenoids mg

2-6

20

14-18

Level Not Established

Beta Glucan mg

100

200-500

100-400

Level Not Established

*There are 2 distinct population groups relating to iron. Children & women of child-bearing age who need to supplement, and men & post-menopausal women who do not. The figure above is a population average but it is important to acknowledge the differing needs, herein described, when assessing a supplement programme for an individual

5-A-DAY

The 5-a-Day message is an integral part of this equation, as 95% of our protective nutrients are found in our 5-a-Day. Each portion of fruit or veg we consume gives us nearly 20% of our antioxidant/protective nutrient intake. The following is the average intake of fruit and vegetables across the population:

Age

Portions

Men

Women

19-24

1.2

1.8

25-29

2.6

2.7

Over 50

3.6

3.8

On Average

2.7

2.8

Of most significance is that NONE of the groups are getting 5 portions a day.

The young people are worst off and it is easy to see that they are storing up significant problems for the future. This is borne out by many doctors who notice that diseases previously seen only in the elderly are now affecting those who are much younger.

The following table shows the physiological action of each nutrient, and give you an idea of some of the symptoms and diseases associated with deficiency.

Essential Nutrient

Physiological Action / Function

Main Symptom Associated

with Deficiency of Nutrient

Vitamin A /

Beta Carotene

Eye health – visual pigment

Skin health – epithelial repair

Antioxidant – immune support

Protein synthesis

Healthy lung function

Night blindness

Dry, bloodshot or gritty eyes

Age spots

Bleeding gums

Poor growth

Thiamin

(B1)

Blood production

Carbohydrate metabolism

Normal muscle tone

The ‘morale vitamin’

Fatigue

Memory loss

Muscle cramps

Beri Beri

Riboflavin

(B2)

Red blood cell production

Antibody production

Cell respiration & growth.

Dermatitis

Cracks at the corners of the

mouth, sore tongue

Niacin

(B3)

Nervous system function

Protein, fat & carbohydrate

metabolism

Sex hormone synthesis

Oversensitivity to sunlight

Nervous symptoms

Cracked tongue

Pellagra

Vitamin B6

Involved in most body systems

– absorption, electrolyte

balance, red blood cell

production, nervous system

function, enzyme activation &

antibody production

Anaemia

Dermatitis, sore tongue

Nervous symptoms

PMS

Vitamin

B12

Cell production & longevity

Digestion, protein, fat &

carbohydrate metabolism

Nervous system function

Fertility

Anaemia

Digestive disorders

Abnormal gait, muscle wasting &

weakness

Memory loss & hallucinations

Cracks at the corners of the

mouth.

Folic Acid

Energy production

Healthy cell replication

Anaemia & sore tongue

Birth defects

Vitamin C

Antioxidant – immune support

Collagen production – tissue

growth & repair

Poor wound healing

Susceptibility to infection, gum

disease, bruising & allergies

Vitamin D

Calcium & phosphorus

metabolism

Cell growth & immunity

Osteoporosis & rickets

Tooth decay & gum disease

Vitamin E

Antioxidant – immune support

Blood vessel health

Reproductive health

Peripheral neuropathy, myopathy,

ataxia & retinopathy

Impaired immunity

Calcium

Needed for nerve, muscle,

bone, teeth & soft tissue health

Agitation, insomnia, cognitive

impairment, muscle cramps &

numbness

Osteoporosis, brittle nails & gum

Disease

Chromium

Carbohydrate & fat metabolism

– insulin function & glucose

uptake

Diabetes, obesity, hyper/hypo

glycaemia, confusion, neuropathy,

raised cholesterol

Copper

Haemoglobin synthesis

Collagen metabolism & elastin

production

Anaemia, alopecia, tooth decay,

stunted growth, poor tissue

elasticity

Iodine

Thyroid hormone production –

Energy metabolism,

temperature, growth &

reproduction

Goitre

Sluggishness, slow heart rate,

weight gain, constipation

Raised cholesterol

Iron

Haemoglobin production

Resistance to infection

Anaemia, alopecia, brittle nails,

anorexia, fatigue, depression,

irritability & confusion

Magnesium

Needed for the metabolism of

calcium, phosphorus, vitamin C,

sodium and potassium

Neurotransmission & electrical

stability of cells

Acid/base balance

Gastro-intestinal disorders

Irregular heart rhythm, lack of coordination,

muscle twitch, tremor &

weakness

Depression, confusion & irritability

Alopecia & gum disease

Selenium

Antioxidant, antiviral & cell

protection

Thyroid metabolism & fertility

Brain health, longevity

Protects against heart disease

Heart disease

Susceptibility to infection

Arthritis, infertility, fatigue

Dandruff, demyelination

Zinc

A constituent of over 2000

metabolic enzymes

Immune system support,

energy production & eye health

Male fertility & potency

Acne, alopecia, amnesia, anorexia,

apathy, brittle nails, depression,

eczema, fatigue, growth

impairment, impaired wound

healing, impotence, irritability,

lethargy, paranoia, sterility, white

spots on nails

Beta Glucan

Immune primer – enhancing

normal immune activity against

non-self components, such as

pathogens and cancer cells

Susceptibility to infections, allergies

& some cancers

Carotenoids

Essential for cell

communication and

redifferentiation

Protects skin & retina

Macular degeneration

Sunburn

Skin & other cancers

EPA/DHA

Cell membrane stabiliser &

anti-inflammatory

Cardio-protective: Antithrombotic

& lowers blood fats

Essential for health of joints,

circulation & reproduction

Heart disease

Dry skin

Inflammatory conditions

Poor eyesight & memory

Reproductive problems

Flavonoids

Antioxidant – immune support

Highly protective of DNA

Anti-allergic, antibacterial, antiviral

& antifungal

Membrane fragility, bruising &

inflammation

Immune insufficiency & allergies

Confusion

Additional lifestyle factors that also contribute to the Nutrition Gap

Dieters – When food intake is reduced, the intake of micronutrients is also reduced, but the body’s requirement for certain vitamins and minerals may actually increase during periods of weight loss.

Smokers – Each cigarette uses up large amounts of vitamin C and other antioxidants, which is one reason why smokers are more susceptible to heart disease and cancers.

Drinkers – Too much alcohol depletes the body of B vitamins, magnesium, zinc and calcium.

Athletes – Heavy exercise burns more oxygen, and increases the requirements for antioxidants. Large quantities of zinc and other minerals are lost in sweat, and need to be replaced.

Sun-worshippers – Too much sun uses up antioxidants. Extra intake of vitamins A, C and E, flavonoids and carotenoids help protect your skin from the aging effects of the sun

.• Vegans and vegetarians – Need to plan their diets carefully; in particular, to ensure an adequate intake of vitamin B12 and vitamin D – often short in these diets.

Accidents, illness and surgery – All increase the need for vitamins and minerals, including zinc, calcium, magnesium and vitamins A, B, C, D and E.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding – The metabolic demands of providing for a growing infant increase the need for B complex vitamins, folic acid, vitamins A, D and E and minerals such as iron, calcium and magnesium.

The Pill – Oral contraceptives are thought to increase the need for folic acid, vitamins B and C and zinc.

Post-menopausal women – Need more calcium, magnesium and other minerals to spare their bones. Vitamins A, B, C, D, E and K and plant-derived phytonutrients are also important.

The Elderly – Digestion is less efficient in the elderly, who generally have multiple micronutrient depletion. Poor dentition, depression, other illnesses and drug ingestion may further compound the problem in this age group.